Notre-Dame de Paris Cathedral is the most famous and visited religious monument of Paris, a masterpiece of French Gothic architecture. Built on the Ile de la Cité between the 12th and the 14th century, the impressive architecture of Notre-Dame has evolved through the time, and the Cathedral has been the scene of many major events in the history of France. It is the symbolic heart of the city.
Information at www.notredamedeparis.fr
Built in the mid thirteenth century at the request of King St. Louis to house the relics acquired under his reign, the Sainte Chapelle is a must in the style of Gothic architectural monuments in Paris, especially due to the stained glass windows and the vaults of exceptional dimensions and quality. Located on the Ile de la Cité, opposite the cathedral Notre Dame de Paris, it constitutes with the Conciergerie the former palace of the city. The monument can be visited all year and regularly hosts classical music concerts.
Information at www.sainte-chapelle.fr
The building on the right bank of the Seine opposite Notre Dame, became the center of municipal institutions in 1357 after its acquisition by Etienne Marcel who was then provost of merchants of Paris. Between the sixteenth and seventeenth century, from the reign of Francis I. to the one of Louis XIII, large work transformed the building into a Renaissance palace, whose facade was many times destroyed and rebuilt to finally ressemble the one we have today. Political center, the City Hall is a major place of history, from the 1789 Revolution until the liberation of Paris in August 1944. Nowadays it is the City Hall of Paris , it also hosts art exhibitions related to the city and many visits are organized.
Information at www.paris.fr
A few steps from the Hotel de Ville in Paris, west of the Marais, the Pompidou Centre was inaugurated in 1977 to house the National Museum of Modern Art, and has become a vast complex of public access to culture. The remarkable permanent collections and important contemporary art exhibitions held there since the late 70s and its architecture make it one of the world reference sets for the art of the 20th and 21st centuries. It is also one of the most visited museums in the capital. Conferences, screenings, performances are organized, the library and the bookstore make it an important cultural creative exchange place.
It is at the Pompidou Centre that took place major retrospectives of artists like Wassily Kandinsky, Marcel Duchamp, Francis Bacon, Andy Warhol, Pierre Soulages, Jeff Koons, Gerhard Richter and Anselm Kiefer. Until August 1st 2016, you can discover a retrospective of Paul Klee.
Information at www.centrepompidou.fr
The museum is dedicated to the history of Paris and its inhabitants, from old Lutetia to the French Revolution all the way to the Belle Epoque. It is established in two townhouse hotels surrounding a garden in the heart of the Marais. The Carnavalet Museum offers valuable reconstituted decors of Parisian private hotels and the rooms of writers such as Marcel Proust or even the prison cell of Marie-Antoinette. It also has many everyday objects of the inhabitants of the capital like those of great personalities that have made the history of France, but also exceptional collections of art from the eighteenth to the twentieth century. Models and maps of the city show the great architectural developments of Paris in the Middle Ages to the modern period.
Information at www.carnavalet.paris.fr
Located on Mount St. Genevieve in the 5th district, the Pantheon in Paris is an important architectural work of the second half of the eighteenth century, initiated by Louis XV and originally planned as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve, patron saint of Paris. When the building was completed around 1790, under the impulse of the French Revolution, its purpose changed and the church became a republican mausoleum where the ashes of distinguished French citizens would remain. The first such citizen was Mirabeau (subsenquently removed). The inscription above the entrance of the building, largely inspired by the Pantheon in Rome, reads "To great men the grateful homeland".Throughout the nineteenth century and with the political changes, the building was alternatively a church dedicated to Sainte Geneviève, and a secular temple, necropolis of personalities such as Voltaire, Rousseau, Bougainville, Victor Hugo et Pierre and Marie Curie.
Information at www.paris-pantheon.fr